SAT阅读题型介绍
2018-11-23 14:41 | 编辑:川外外语培训中心  来自:未知 
导读:新SAT阅读题型分类: 第一大类: Information and Ideas: The Authors Message (对文本信息的考察) 包括以下题型: 直接信息题(Explicit Meaning),该类题型能够直接从文本中找到信息,题目中通常出现如下字眼According to the passage, states, indicates,
新SAT阅读题型分类:
    第一大类: Information and Ideas: The Author's Message (对文本信息的考察) 包括以下题型:

    直接信息题(Explicit Meaning),该类题型能够直接从文本中找到信息,题目中通常出现如下字眼“According to the passage," "states," "indicates,"等。如: The authors indicate that people value gift-giving because they feel it...?
 
    隐含信息题 (Implicit Meaning),该类题型需要理解文本的隐含意思,题目中通常出现如下字眼 “based on the passage,” "it can reasonably be inferred," "implies," 等。如: Based on the passage, the author's statement "..." implies that...?
 
    类比题(Analogy),考察对文本内容特征的把握及应用,如“Which of the following situations is most analogous to the relationship mentioned in line 5 to 10?
 
以上三种题型都是对文本细节的考察。
 SAT阅读题型介绍
    循证题(Citing Textual Evidence),要求为上一题的答案寻找论据或者为某个结论提供论据。

    如: Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question? (寻找上一题答案论据)或者 In lines 46-50("Prosecutions...sens"), what is the most likely reason Jordan draws a distinction between two types of "parties"? (为某个结论提供论据)循证题是对文本论据的考察,在每个篇章中会出现两题,共10题。
 
    中心思想/主旨题 (Central Idea/ Theme),是对整篇文章的主旨或段落中心思想的考察。如: The central claim of the passage is that...? (对整篇文章主旨的考察)或者 The central idea of the fourth paragraph (line 35-57) is that...? (对段落中心思想的考察)
 
    小结题(Summary),对整篇文章或段落的小结,如:Which choice best summarizes the passage?

    关系题(Relationship),考察人物,事件,观点之间的因果,对比,递进等关系,如:Which choice best describes the relationship between neurons and celebrities?
 
    单词/词组释义题 (Interpreting Words and Phrases in Context),顾名思义,即是对单词、词组意思的考察。如:As used in line 10, "intense" most nearly means...?
 
以上8种题型为对文本所传达的信息的考察。
 SAT阅读题型介绍
    第二大类:Rhetoric: The Author's Craft (对作者写作技能的考察)包括以下题型:

    单词/词组/句子功能题(Analyzing Word Choice), 包括使用目的,作用和效果。如:Woolf uses the word "we" throughout the passage mainly to...?

    文本结构题(Analyzing Text Structure),对文本总体结构的考察或对部分内容与整篇文章的关系的考察。如:Over the course of the passage, the main focus of the narrative shifts from the ... to...?
 
    观点态度题(Analyzing Point of View),对作者或人物观点,态度和立场的考察。题目中通常包括"perspective","point of view"等字眼。如:The stance Jordan takes in the passage is best described as that of...?
 
    目的题 (Analyzing Purpose),对整篇文章或部分段落目的的考察。题目中通常包括“purpose”,“function”等字眼。选项中也通常出现“criticize”, “support”

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