当考官谈生育话题你该怎么回答
2020-01-14 15:01 | 编辑:川外外语培训中心  来自:未知 
导读:结婚生育也一直是雅思考试中的话题之一,对于雅思口语,通常青春靓丽的我们会很少被问到结婚生育的问题,不过也有例外。如果突然聊到这个话题,需要怎么应对呢?
01、引言
在前几年,中国放开“二胎”政策时,BBC还发布了一篇堪称雅思范文的新闻报道,来分析中国的这个政策,大家请看 ☟
 
China has decided to end its decades-long one-child policy, the state-run Xinhua news agency reports.
 
Couples will now be allowed to have two children, it said, citing a statement from the Communist Party.
 
The controversial policy was introduced nationally in 1979, to slow the population growth rate.
 
It is estimated to have prevented about 400 million births. However concerns at China's ageing populationled to pressure for change.
 
Couples who violated the one-child policy faced a variety of punishments, from fines and the loss of employment to forced abortions.
 
Over time, the policy has been relaxed in some provinces, as demographers and sociologists raised concerns about rising social costs and falling worker numbers.
 
The decision to allow families to have two children was designed "to improve the balanced development of population'' and to deal with an aging population, according to the statement from the Community Party's Central Committee carried by the official Xinhua News Agency (in Chinese) on Thursday.
 
Currently about 30% of China's population is over the age of 50. The total population of the country is around 1.36 billion.
 
The Communist Party began formally relaxing national rules two years ago, allowing couples in which at least one of the pair is an only child to have a second child.
 
China's one-child policy
 
Introduced in 1979, the policy meant that many Chinese citizens - around a third, China claimed in 2007 - could not have a second child without incurring a fine.
 
In rural areas, families were allowed to have two children if the first was a girl.
 
Other exceptions included ethnic minorities and - since 2013 - couples where at least one was a single child.
 
Campaigners say the policy led to forced abortions, female infanticide, and the under-reporting of female births.
 
It was also implicated as a cause of China's gender imbalance.
 
Trauma and sympathy shared online
 
Correspondents say that despite the relaxation of the rules, many couples may opt to only have one child, as one-child families have become the social norm.
 
Critics say that even a two-child policy will not boost the birth rate enough, the BBC's John Sudworth reports.
 
And for those women who want more than two children, nor will it end the state's insistence on the right to control their fertility, he adds.
 
"As long as the quotas and system of surveillance remains, women still do not enjoy reproductive rights," Maya Wang of Human Rights Watch told AFP.
 
The announcement in China came on the final day of a summit of the Communist Party's policy-making Central Committee, known as the fifth plenum.
 
The party also announced growth targets and its next five year plan.
 
02、中外鼓励生育的不同
但鼓励二胎很多年,为何中国的人口总和生育率连续低于1.5,而在2015年更是降到了1.05。
这不仅远远低于世界平均水平的2.45,更低于发达国家的1.67,甚至连早已进入老龄化社会的日本的1.46都不如,更不用提2.1的正常水平了。
年轻人不愿意生孩子的根源也许:
房价太高,教育太贵,医疗太乱,物价太高………
虽然政府有各种政策但借用人民日报的一句话,小恩小惠,诚意不足。
对比来看看国外鼓励生育是怎么做的。

在美国生孩子,政府会帮着养
加拿大牛奶金: 每名6岁以下儿童每年最高可获得6496加元
德国:最高生育补贴为2.52万欧元(约人民币17万)
日本:生第一个孩子可一次性获得补助42万日元(约人民币2万)
降低家庭压力才是根本上解决生育率低的方式。

03、雅思口语中的结婚生育话题
结婚生育也一直是雅思考试中的话题之一
对于雅思口语,通常青春靓丽的我们会很少被问到结婚生育的问题,
不过也有例外。
如果突然聊到这个话题,需要怎么应对呢
part2
 
describe an experience when you spent time with a child
 
you should say
 
who this child is
 
when it happened
 
what you did
 
and how you felt about this experience
 
中文思路:
上周末姐姐加班,让我照看小侄子。
小侄子5岁左右,有点调皮好动。
一开始我不愿意,因为不知道怎么和小孩子独处。姐姐说只要带他玩就可以了。
思考后,我决定带他去附近的公园。看到满园盛开的花朵,小侄子非常兴奋。
我们还做了很多有趣的事情,比如草地上踢足球,饿了来顿野餐,还在湖里划了小船。
玩得非常开心。
感觉很棒:
1. 意识到自己对小孩很有耐性,可以跟小朋友很好的相处。
2. 做了小时候常做的事情,仿佛回到了自己的童年。
 
高分表达:
work an extra shift

take care of/ look after
 
as a typical small boy, he is noughty and a little bit hyperactive
 
be reluctant to do sth
 
stay alone with sb
 
flowers were in full blossom
 
treat children with great patience
 
go back to childhood
 
part3
 
1.Do you think new parents should get training courses in dealing with children?
是的,育儿课程对父母非常有帮助。
(1) 现在很多年轻父母由于早结婚,缺乏教育孩子的方法和经验,他们对小孩子的思维和行为习惯都不清楚
(2) 父母在育儿过程中会遭遇很多问题,比如在儿童生病是否需要送医,儿童遭遇意外时应如何及时应急处理等,都需要一个育儿课程来解决
(3) 育儿课程对家庭和谐也有很大好处,一旦育儿非常顺利,夫妻因为琐屑问题的争吵就会大大减少,能孩子的成长营造一个良好的生活环境
 
高分词汇:
 
lack strategical methods to deal with sth
 
lack the knowledge of
 
encounter various difficulties
 
first-aid treatment
 
enjoy family harmony
 
quarrel over trivial matters
 
2. What are a good parent's characteristics in your opinion?
 
开明,理智与年轻乐观的心态
(1)父母最珍贵的品质是开明,尊重孩子的选择,重视孩子的个人自由和意志
(2)同时,父母的理智也是非常重要的,如果父母能在孩子人生重要节点给他有用的建议或者阻止他做错事,那可能会改变孩子的一生
(3)年轻的心态是现在年轻人最希望父母拥有的,他们希望父母在以家庭为重以外也有自己独有的兴致,乐趣和有趣的生活方式。这对年轻人来说是一种很大的安慰
 
高分词汇:
open-minded
 
respect one's free will
 
3. When is the prefect time to get married? Why‎?
分男女
(1) 男人28-30岁结婚。毕业后工作几年,收入稳定,给家人提供好的生活环境。而且,事业已小有成就,可以有更多的时间陪家人。
(2) 女人22-25。科学研究表明26岁是最佳生育年龄,能孕育健康的下一代。太晚结婚,高龄产妇有风险,身体健康不利。
(3) 然而,晚婚现象越来越明显。特别在大城市地区。尤其是女性。一方面她们努力工作,比以前更看重事业发展。耽误了结婚。另一方面,受过良好教育的人更谨慎,眼光高,很难找到令她们心仪的对象。
 
高分词汇:
stable income
 
provide a better living condition
 
establish one's career
 
elderly parturient women
 
delayed marriage
 
attach great importance to career development
 
well-educated
 
demanding
 
4. Are candies a good reward for children ?
不是。
(1) 糖果作为一种零食,一旦作为奖励让儿童上瘾,会导致蛀牙,肥胖等问题,这会对儿童身体健康造成不良的影响。
(2) 以糖果作为奖励,确实有诱导儿童正确行为的作用,但同时也会使儿童对物质奖励产生依赖性,长此以往对儿童性格造成不好的影响。
(3) 比如现在很多儿童已经不满足于糖果,要求父母以vedio game或者ipad作为奖励,这不是一个好的现象。
 
高分词汇:
be addicted to
 
result in tooth decay and obesity
 
greedy
以上应对的思路和小技巧,都get到了吗?

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